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As the frenzy to demolish and rebuilt “bigger and better” (and more profitable) continues unabated, Manila’s vast necropolis in the north of the Sta.Cruz district has become a veritable museum of the artistic and architectural styles that shaped the face of the surrounding city over the past 150 years.

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The funerary architecture of the vast 19th-century Chinese Cemetery in Manila differs markedly from other Chinese cemeteries in Southeast Asia.

This paper describes the development of this architecture and its many styles rooted in Western and Chinese artistic tradition, their symbolic meanings and significance.

The Chinese Cemetery, finally, is multi-denominational and includes Christian, Buddhist and Taoist burials.

Its history dates back to 1843, when the Governor General authorized the Chinese to establish a cemetery in La Loma.

In 1882 the Cementerio General de La Loma, built in old-fashioned Spanish-Mediterranean style, was laid out to accommodate victims of the devastating cholera epidemic of the same year.

It later merged with the new Cementerio de Binondo (originally founded around 1850, but rebuilt in 1884) immediately adjacent to it.Non-sectarian in nature and municipal-owned, its generous park-like layout, complete with carefully planted sumptuous vegetation and shade trees quickly made it the resting place of choice for the Manila elite.In contrast, the Catholic La Loma Cemetery dates back to the late Spanish era.Les considérables transformations sociales et économiques de la société philippine du s., le développement de nouvelles formes de deuil et de commémoration.Celui-ci s’est manifesté par l’émergence progressive de petits et de grands mausolées pour la classe moyenne et supérieure des métisses et hommes d’affaires chinois et de leurs femmes, des membres de professions libérales, des politiciens et des Cette architecture funéraire complexe, son ornementation symbolique et sa statuaire ont, au cours des 130 dernières années, transformé le cimetière chinois en un riche réceptacle du patrimoine bâti de la nation.Cet article décrit le développement de cette architecture et ses nombreux styles enracinés dans la tradition artistique occidentale et chinoise, leur signification symbolique et leur portée.

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